ENZYME entry: EC 188.8.131.52
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|Fatty acid hydroxylase.|
|Fatty acid + H(2)O(2) <=> 3- or 2-hydroxy fatty acid + H(2)O|
- A cytosolic heme-thiolate protein with sequence homology to P450
- Unlike the latter, it needs neither NAD(P)H, dioxygen nor specific
reductases for function.
- Enzymes of this type are produced by bacteria (e.g. Sphingomonas
paucimobilis, Bacillus subtilis).
- Catalytic turnover rates are high compared with those of
monooxygenation reactions as well as peroxide shunt reactions
catalyzed by the common P450s.
- A model substrate is myristate, but other saturated and unsaturated
fatty acids are also hydroxylated.
- Oxidizes the peroxidase substrate 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)
and peroxygenates aromatic substrates in a fatty-acid-dependent
|PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles||184.108.40.206|
|KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature||220.127.116.11|
|IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature||18.104.22.168|
|MEDLINE||Find literature relating to 22.214.171.124|
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