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ENZYME entry: EC 3.1.1.14

Accepted Name
Chlorophyllase.
Reaction catalysed
Chlorophyll + H(2)O <=> phytol + chlorophyllide
Comment(s)
  • Chlorophyllase has been found in higher plants, diatoms, and in the green algae Chlorella.
  • Forms part of the chlorophyll degradation pathway and is thought to take part in de-greening processes such as fruit ripening, leaf senescence and flowering, as well as in the turnover and homeostasis of chlorophyll.
  • Acts preferentially on chlorophyll a but will also accept chlorophyll b and pheophytins as substrates.
  • Ethylene and methyl jasmonate, which are known to accelerate senescence in many species, can enhance the activity of the hormone- inducible form of this enzyme.
Cross-references
BRENDA3.1.1.14
EC2PDB3.1.1.14
ExplorEnz3.1.1.14
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles3.1.1.14
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature3.1.1.14
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature3.1.1.14
IntEnz3.1.1.14
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 3.1.1.14
MetaCyc3.1.1.14
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Q9LE89, CLH0_CHEAL;  O22527, CLH1_ARATH;  P59677, CLH1_CHEAL;  
Q9MV14, CLH1_CITSI;  Q94LX1, CLH1_CITUN;  Q9M7I7, CLH2_ARATH;  
P59678, CLH2_CHEAL;  

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All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 3.1.1.-
All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 3.1.-.-
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