ENZYME entry: EC 3.4.21.107

Accepted Name
Peptidase Do.
Alternative Name(s)
High temperature requirement protease A.
HrtA heat shock protein.
Protease Do.
Reaction catalysed
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val
Comment(s)
  • This serine endopeptidase is essential for the clearance of denatured or aggregated proteins from the inner-membrane and periplasmic space in Escherichia coli.
  • Natural substrates of the enzyme include colicin A lysis protein, pilin subunits and MalS from E.coli.
  • The enzyme has weak peptidase activity with casein and other non- native substrates.
  • The peptidase acts as a chaperone at low temperatures but switches to a peptidase (heat shock protein) at higher temperatures.
  • Molecular chaperones and peptidases control the folded state of proteins by recognizing hydrophobic stretches of polypeptide that become exposed by misfolding or unfolding.
  • They then bind these hydrophobic substrates to prevent aggregation or assist in protein refolding.
  • If attempts at refolding fail, then irreversibly damaged proteins are degraded by peptidases such as this enzyme.
  • Belongs to peptidase family S1B.
Cross-references
BRENDA3.4.21.107
EC2PDB3.4.21.107
ExplorEnz3.4.21.107
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles3.4.21.107
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature3.4.21.107
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature3.4.21.107
IntEnz3.4.21.107
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 3.4.21.107
MetaCyc3.4.21.107
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
P54925, DEGPL_BARHE;  Q2YMX6, DEGPL_BRUA2;  P0C114, DEGPL_BRUAB;  
Q8YG32, DEGPL_BRUME;  P0A3Z5, DEGPL_BRUSU;  O85291, DEGPL_BUCAP;  
Q89AP5, DEGPL_BUCBP;  Q9PL97, DEGPL_CHLMU;  Q9Z6T0, DEGPL_CHLPN;  
P18584, DEGPL_CHLTR;  Q2SL36, DEGPL_HAHCH;  E1V4H2, DEGPL_HALED;  
A6VUA4, DEGPL_MARMS;  Q48EU9, DEGPL_PSE14;  F6AA62, DEGPL_PSEF1;  
Q4KGQ4, DEGPL_PSEF5;  A4XSC0, DEGPL_PSEMY;  A5W8F5, DEGPL_PSEP1;  
B0KV30, DEGPL_PSEPG;  B1J4D7, DEGPL_PSEPW;  Q52894, DEGPL_RHIME;  
Q92JA1, DEGPL_RICCN;  O05942, DEGPL_RICPR;  P0C0V1, DEGP_ECO57;  
P0C0V0, DEGP_ECOLI;  P26982, DEGP_SALTY;  P39099, DEGQ_ECOLI;  
P0AEE4, DEGS_ECO57;  P0AEE3, DEGS_ECOLI;  P44947, DEGS_HAEIN;  
D0ZY51, DEGS_SALT1;  O34358, HTRA_BACSU;  Q9Z4H7, HTRA_LACHE;  
Q9LA06, HTRA_LACLA;  A2RNT9, HTRA_LACLM;  Q9R9I1, HTRB_BACSU;  

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