ENZYME entry: EC 3.4.22.66

Accepted Name
Calicivirin.
Alternative Name(s)
Calicivirus 3C-like protease.
Calicivirus endopeptidase.
Calicivirus TCP.
Calicivirus trypsin-like cysteine protease.
Camberwell virus processing peptidase.
Chiba virus processing peptidase.
Norovirus virus processing peptidase.
Norwalk virus processing peptidase.
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 3C endopeptidase.
Southampton virus processing peptidase.
Reaction catalysed
Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu-|-Xaa and the P1' position is occupied by Gly-|-Yaa
Comment(s)
  • Viruses that are members of the Norovirus genus (Caliciviridae family) are a major cause of epidemic acute viral gastroenteritis.
  • The nonstructural proteins of these viruses are produced by proteolytic cleavage of a large precursor polyprotein, performed by a protease that is incorporated into the polyprotein.
  • Cleavage sites are apparently defined by features based on both sequence and structure since several sites in the polyprotein fulfilling the identified sequence requirements are not cleaved.
  • The presence of acidic (Asp), basic (Arg), aromatic (Tyr) or aliphatic (Leu) amino acids at the P1' position results in only minor differences in cleavage efficiency, suggesting that steric or conformational constraints may play a role in determining specificity.
  • Changes to the amino acid at the P2 position do not alter cleavage efficiency.
  • Belongs to peptidase family C37.
Cross-references
BRENDA3.4.22.66
EC2PDB3.4.22.66
ExplorEnz3.4.22.66
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles3.4.22.66
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature3.4.22.66
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature3.4.22.66
IntEnz3.4.22.66
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 3.4.22.66
MetaCyc3.4.22.66
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Q288N7, POLG_BECN1;  Q8JN60, POLG_BECNB;  Q8V736, POLG_CACV4;  
Q96725, POLG_EBHSG;  P27407, POLG_FCVC6;  P27408, POLG_FCVF4;  
P27409, POLG_FCVF9;  Q66914, POLG_FCVUR;  P54634, POLG_LORDV;  
Q83883, POLG_NVN68;  Q9QEJ5, POLG_PESV;  P27411, POLG_RHDV3;  
Q86119, POLG_RHDVA;  Q89273, POLG_RHDVB;  P27410, POLG_RHDVF;  
Q86117, POLG_RHDVS;  P36286, POLG_SMSV1;  P36287, POLG_SMSV4;  
Q04544, POLG_SOUV3;  Q6XDK8, POLG_SVM10;  Q69014, POLG_SVM93;  
Q672I1, POLG_SVSAP;  Q9DUN3, POLG_VESVA;  

View entry in original ENZYME format
View entry in raw text format (no links)

All UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries referenced in this entry, with possibility to download in different formats, align etc.
All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 3.4.22.-
All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 3.4.-.-
All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 3.-.-.-