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A new class EC 7, Translocases, has been added to the EC list. It will be part of ENZYME from release 2018_10. Read more about EC 7 here.

ENZYME entry: EC

Accepted Name
Methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH).
Alternative Name(s)
Lactaldehyde dehydrogenase (NADP(+)).
Methylglyoxal reductase (NADPH-dependent).
Reaction catalysed
(S)-lactaldehyde + NADP(+) <=> 2-oxopropanal + NADPH
  • The enzyme from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalyzes the reduction of a keto group in a number of compounds, forming enantiopure products.
  • Among the substrates are methylglyoxal (which is reduced to (S)- lactaldehyde), 3-methylbutanal, hexane-2,5-dione and 3-chloro-1- phenylpropan-1-one.
  • The enzyme differs from EC which is found in mammals, by its coenzyme requirement, reaction direction, and enantiomeric preference.
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles1.1.1.283
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature1.1.1.283
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature1.1.1.283
MEDLINEFind literature relating to
Q12068, GRE2_YEAST;  P83775, GRP2_CANAL;  O32210, GR_BACSU;  

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