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ENZYME entry: EC 1.14.13.224

Accepted Name
violacein synthase.
Alternative Name(s)
proviolaceinate monooxygenase.
Reaction catalysed
  • H(+) + NADH + O2 + protoviolaceinate <=> H2O + NAD(+) + violaceinate
  • H(+) + NADPH + O2 + protoviolaceinate <=> H2O + NADP(+) + violaceinate
  • H(+) + NADPH + O2 + protodeoxyviolaceinate <=> deoxyviolaceinate + H2O + NADP(+)
  • H(+) + NADH + O2 + protodeoxyviolaceinate <=> deoxyviolaceinate + H2O + NAD(+)
Comment(s)
  • The enzyme, characterized from the bacterium Chromobacterium violaceum, participates in the biosynthesis of the violet pigment violacein.
  • The immediate products, violaceinate and deoxyviolaceinate, undergo non-enzymic autooxidation into violacein and deoxyviolacein, respectively.
Cross-references
BRENDA1.14.13.224
EC2PDB1.14.13.224
ExplorEnz1.14.13.224
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles1.14.13.224
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature1.14.13.224
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature1.14.13.224
IntEnz1.14.13.224
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 1.14.13.224
MetaCyc1.14.13.224
Rhea expert-curated reactions1.14.13.224
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Q9S3U9, VIOC_CHRVO

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