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ENZYME entry: EC 1.14.19.32

Accepted Name
Palmitoyl-CoA 14-(E/Z)-desaturase.
Reaction catalysed
  • Palmitoyl-CoA + 2 ferrocytochrome b5 + O(2) + 2 H(+) <=> (14E)-hexadec-14-enoyl-CoA + 2 ferricytochrome b5 + 2 H(2)O
  • Palmitoyl-CoA + 2 ferrocytochrome b5 + O(2) + 2 H(+) <=> (14Z)-hexadec-14-enoyl-CoA + 2 ferricytochrome b5 + 2 H(2)O
Comment(s)
  • The enzyme, found in the moth Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer), produces a mixture of (E)- and (Z)- isomers.
  • The products are subsequently truncated by partial beta-oxidation to a blend of 12(E/Z)-tetradec-12-enoyl-CoA, which are converted to the species-specific sex pheromones (E)- and (Z)-tetradec-12-enoyl acetates.
Cross-references
BRENDA1.14.19.32
EC2PDB1.14.19.32
ExplorEnz1.14.19.32
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles1.14.19.32
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature1.14.19.32
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature1.14.19.32
IntEnz1.14.19.32
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 1.14.19.32
MetaCyc1.14.19.32
Rhea expert-curated reactions1.14.19.32

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