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ENZYME entry: EC 1.3.99.37

Accepted Name
1-hydroxy-2-isopentenylcarotenoid 3,4-desaturase.
Reaction catalysed
  • Dihydroisopentenyldehydrorhodopin + acceptor <=> isopentenyldehydrorhodopin + reduced acceptor
  • Dihydrobisanhydrobacterioruberin + acceptor <=> bisanhydrobacterioruberin + reduced acceptor
Comment(s)
  • The enzyme, isolated from the archaeon Haloarcula japonica, is involved in the biosynthesis of the C(50) carotenoid bacterioruberin.
  • In this pathway it catalyzes the desaturation of the C-3,4 double bond in dihydroisopentenyldehydrorhodopin and the desaturation of the C-3'-4' double bond in dihydrobisanhydrobacterioruberin.
Cross-references
BRENDA1.3.99.37
EC2PDB1.3.99.37
ExplorEnz1.3.99.37
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles1.3.99.37
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature1.3.99.37
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature1.3.99.37
IntEnz1.3.99.37
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 1.3.99.37
MetaCyc1.3.99.37
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
A0A0A1GKA2, CRTD_HALJP

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