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A new class EC 7, Translocases, has been added to the EC list. It will be part of ENZYME from release 2018_10. Read more about EC 7 here.

ENZYME entry: EC

Accepted Name
Reaction catalysed
Chlorophyll + H(2)O <=> phytol + chlorophyllide
  • Chlorophyllase has been found in higher plants, diatoms, and in the green algae Chlorella.
  • Forms part of the chlorophyll degradation pathway and is thought to take part in de-greening processes such as fruit ripening, leaf senescence and flowering, as well as in the turnover and homeostasis of chlorophyll.
  • Acts preferentially on chlorophyll a but will also accept chlorophyll b and pheophytins as substrates.
  • Ethylene and methyl jasmonate, which are known to accelerate senescence in many species, can enhance the activity of the hormone- inducible form of this enzyme.
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles3.1.1.14
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature3.1.1.14
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature3.1.1.14
MEDLINEFind literature relating to
Q9LE89, CLH0_CHEAL;  O22527, CLH1_ARATH;  P59677, CLH1_CHEAL;  
P59678, CLH2_CHEAL;  

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