ENZYME entry: EC 1.3.99.31

Accepted Name
Phytoene desaturase (lycopene-forming).
Alternative Name(s)
4-step phytoene desaturase.
Reaction catalysed
15-cis-phytoene + 4 acceptor <=> all-trans-lycopene + 4 reduced acceptor
Cofactor(s)
FAD.
Comment(s)
The enzyme is involved in carotenoid biosynthesis and catalyzes up to four desaturation steps (cf. EC 1.3.99.28, EC 1.3.99.29 and EC 1.3.99.30).
Cross-references
BRENDA1.3.99.31
EC2PDB1.3.99.31
ExplorEnz1.3.99.31
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles1.3.99.31
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature1.3.99.31
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature1.3.99.31
IntEnz1.3.99.31
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 1.3.99.31
MetaCyc1.3.99.31
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
P22871, CRTI_ESCVU;  P21685, CRTI_PANAN;  P54978, CRTI_PARSN;  

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