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A new class EC 7, Translocases, has been added to the EC list. It will be part of ENZYME from release 2018_10. Read more about EC 7 here.

ENZYME entry: EC 2.3.1.271

Accepted Name
L-glutamate-5-semialdehyde N-acetyltransferase.
Reaction catalysed
Acetyl-CoA + L-glutamate-5-semialdehyde <=> CoA + N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde
Comment(s)
  • The enzyme, characterized from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sigma-1278b, N-acetylates L-glutamate-5-semialdehyde, an L-proline biosynthesis/utilization intermediate, into N-acetyl-L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde, an intermediate of L-arginine biosynthesis, under oxidative stress conditions.
  • Its activity results in conversion of L-proline to L-arginine, and reduction in the concentration of L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde and its equilibrium partner, (S)-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate, which has been linked to production of reactive oxygen species stress.
  • The enzyme also acts on (S)-1-acetylazetidine-2-carboxylate, a toxic L-proline analog produced by some plants, resulting in its detoxification and conferring resistance on the yeast.
Cross-references
BRENDA2.3.1.271
EC2PDB2.3.1.271
ExplorEnz2.3.1.271
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles2.3.1.271
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature2.3.1.271
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature2.3.1.271
IntEnz2.3.1.271
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 2.3.1.271
MetaCyc2.3.1.271
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Q09927, ACA1_SCHPO;  E9P8D2, MPR1_YEASX;  

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All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 2.3.1.-
All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 2.3.-.-
All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 2.-.-.-