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A new class EC 7, Translocases, has been added to the EC list. It will be part of ENZYME from release 2018_10. Read more about EC 7 here.

ENZYME entry: EC

Accepted Name
Adenosine-5'-diphospho-5'-(DNA) diphosphatase.
Alternative Name(s)
5'-app5'-DNA adenylate hydrolase.
Reaction catalysed
  • Adenosine-5'-diphospho-5'-(DNA) + H(2)O <=> AMP + phospho-5'-(DNA)
  • Adenosine-5'-diphospho-5'-(ribonucleotide)-(DNA) + H(2)O <=> AMP + 5'-phospho-(ribonucleotide)-(DNA)
  • Aprataxin is a DNA-binding protein involved in different types of DNA break repair.
  • The enzyme acts (among other activities) on abortive DNA ligation intermediates that contain an adenylate covalently linked to the 5'-phosphate DNA terminus.
  • It also acts when the adenylate is covalently linked to the 5'-phosphate of a ribonucleotide linked to a DNA strand, which is the result of abortive ligase activty on products of EC, an enzyme that cleaves RNA-DNA hybrids on the 5' side of the ribonucleotide found in the 5'-RNA-DNA-3' junction.
  • Aprataxin binds the adenylate group to a histidine residue within the active site, followed by its hydrolysis from the nucleic acid and eventual release, leaving a 5'-phosphate terminus that can be efficiently rejoined.
  • The enzyme also possesses the activities of EC and EC
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles3.1.11.7
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature3.1.11.7
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature3.1.11.7
MEDLINEFind literature relating to
Q8K4H4, APTX_RAT;  O74859, APTX_SCHPO;  P61800, APTX_TAKRU;  
Q7T287, APTX_XENLA;  P61801, APTX_XENTR;  Q08702, APTX_YEAST;  

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