ENZYME entry: EC 1.3.8.6

Accepted Name
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (ETF).
Alternative Name(s)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase.
Reaction catalysed
Glutaryl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein <=> crotonyl-CoA + CO(2) + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein
Cofactor(s)
FAD.
Comment(s)
  • The enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of glutaryl-CoA to glutaconyl-CoA (which remains bound to the enzyme), and the decarboxylation of the latter to crotonyl-CoA (cf. EC 4.1.1.70).
  • FAD is the electron acceptor in the oxidation of the substrate, and its reoxidation by electron-transfer flavoprotein completes the catalytic cycle.
  • The anaerobic, sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfococcus multivorans contains two glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenases: a decarboxylating enzyme (this entry), and a non-decarboxylating enzyme that only catalyzes the oxidation to glutaconyl-CoA (EC 1.3.99.32).
  • Formerly EC 1.3.99.7.
Cross-references
PROSITEPDOC00070
BRENDA1.3.8.6
EC2PDB1.3.8.6
ExplorEnz1.3.8.6
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles1.3.8.6
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature1.3.8.6
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature1.3.8.6
IntEnz1.3.8.6
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 1.3.8.6
MetaCyc1.3.8.6
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
Q2KHZ9, GCDH_BOVIN;  Q20772, GCDH_CAEEL;  Q54R47, GCDH_DICDI;  
Q92947, GCDH_HUMAN;  Q8HXX8, GCDH_MACFA;  Q60759, GCDH_MOUSE;  
P81140, GCDH_PIG;  

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