ENZYME entry: EC 4.1.99.5

Accepted Name
Aldehyde oxygenase (deformylating).
Alternative Name(s)
Aldehyde decarbonylase.
Reaction catalysed
A long-chain aldehyde + O(2) + 2 NADPH <=> an alkane + formate + H(2)O + 2 NADP(+)
Cofactor(s)
Fe cation.
Comment(s)
  • Involved in the biosynthesis of alkanes.
  • The enzyme from the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme PCC 73102 is only active in vitro in the presence of ferredoxin, ferredoxin reductase and NADPH, and produces mostly C(15) to C(17) alkanes.
  • The enzyme from pea (Pisum sativum) produces alkanes of chain length C18 to C32 and is inhibited by metal-chelating agents.
  • The substrate for this enzyme is formed by EC 1.2.1.80.
Cross-references
BRENDA4.1.99.5
EC2PDB4.1.99.5
ExplorEnz4.1.99.5
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles4.1.99.5
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature4.1.99.5
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature4.1.99.5
IntEnz4.1.99.5
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 4.1.99.5
MetaCyc4.1.99.5
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
B2J1M1, ALDEC_NOSP7;  Q7V6D4, ALDEC_PROMM;  Q54764, ALDEC_SYNE7;  
Q55688, ALDEC_SYNY3;  

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