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A new class EC 7, Translocases, has been added to the EC list. It will be part of ENZYME from release 2018_10. Read more about EC 7 here.

ENZYME entry: EC 4.1.99.5

Accepted Name
Aldehyde oxygenase (deformylating).
Alternative Name(s)
Aldehyde decarbonylase.
Reaction catalysed
A long-chain aldehyde + O(2) + 2 NADPH <=> an alkane + formate + H(2)O + 2 NADP(+)
Cofactor(s)
Fe cation.
Comment(s)
  • Involved in the biosynthesis of alkanes.
  • The enzyme from the cyanobacterium Nostoc punctiforme PCC 73102 is only active in vitro in the presence of ferredoxin, ferredoxin reductase and NADPH, and produces mostly C(15) to C(17) alkanes.
  • The enzyme from pea (Pisum sativum) produces alkanes of chain length C18 to C32 and is inhibited by metal-chelating agents.
  • The substrate for this enzyme is formed by EC 1.2.1.80.
Cross-references
BRENDA4.1.99.5
EC2PDB4.1.99.5
ExplorEnz4.1.99.5
PRIAM enzyme-specific profiles4.1.99.5
KEGG Ligand Database for Enzyme Nomenclature4.1.99.5
IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature4.1.99.5
IntEnz4.1.99.5
MEDLINEFind literature relating to 4.1.99.5
MetaCyc4.1.99.5
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
B2J1M1, ALDEC_NOSP7;  Q7V6D4, ALDEC_PROMM;  Q54764, ALDEC_SYNE7;  
Q55688, ALDEC_SYNY3;  F4HVY0, CER1_ARATH;  Q8H1Z0, CER3_ARATH;  
A2Z1F5, GLO11_ORYSI;  Q69PA8, GLO11_ORYSJ;  B8AIW3, GLO12_ORYSI;  
Q6ETL8, GLO12_ORYSJ;  Q67WQ7, GLO13_ORYSJ;  B8AFI3, GLO14_ORYSI;  
Q6K9F6, GLO14_ORYSJ;  B8BHF1, GLO15_ORYSI;  Q7XDI3, GLO15_ORYSJ;  
A2XAY1, GLO16_ORYSI;  Q6K3D8, GLO16_ORYSJ;  Q7XPZ4, GLO17_ORYSJ;  
B8B6I2, GLO18_ORYSI;  Q69L93, GLO18_ORYSJ;  B8B4W4, GLO19_ORYSI;  
Q0D4G3, GLO19_ORYSJ;  Q9AV39, GLO1A_ORYSJ;  B8BIM2, GLO1B_ORYSI;  
Q2QZ14, GLO1B_ORYSJ;  

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All ENZYME / UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot entries corresponding to 4.1.99.-
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